Title Beneficiation of water works sludge for environmental sustainability
Journal International journal of Engineering And Applied Science
Publisher Faculty of Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Nigeria.
Issue 1
ISSN 1119-8109
Pages 39-44
Subject Chemical Engineering
Date of Publication January 2013

AUTHOR(S) N. V. Anyakora, C. S. Ajinomoh, A. S. Ahmed, I. A. Mohammed-Dabo, J. Ibrahim, J.B. Anto


Water Works Sludge collected from a water treatment plant was beneficiated for environmental sustainability. The steps considered were gravity thickening and air drying incorporating mechanical agitation. Results of tests conducted showed that the combined effects of temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and sun intensity affect the dying rate of sludge. Additionally, high solid content of 80% was achieved at a reduced time using drying bed which was high compared to the value from other dewatering processes. This study showed that water works sludge consists of typical oxides of alumina and silica, and can be properly managed in the environment through the manipulation of process parameters and incorporation of mechanical agitation that cushion the effect of sludge depth while improving the performance of drying bed. Considering the high potentials for resource utilization, sludge can be adopted as secondary raw material for building, construction and mining industries, while checking the menace of environmental degradation.

Keywords: Sludge; beneficiation; environmental sustainability; drying bed; dewatering

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