Title Analysis of the Effects of Pipe Specifications on the Critical Flow Velocity of Fluid
Journal International journal of Engineering And Applied Science
Publisher Faculty of Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Nigeria.
Issue 1
ISSN 1119-8109
Pages 98-107
Subject Mechanical Engineering
Date of Publication January 01,2020

AUTHOR(S) Okonkwo Ugochukwu C, Egu Gregory Ibe Onyenobi and Samuel Chinwendu


This study applied the finite element method to analyse the internal flow induced vibration in a pinned-pinned pipe, while studying the effects of increasing the length of the pipe span and the pipe bore diameter, on the critical flow velocity. The pipe is undamped, and of rigid polyvinylchloride material. However, the fluid-pipe system experiences a gyroscopic damping arising from Coriolis force. The analysis was carried out on pipe span lengths of 2m, 3m, 4m, 5m, and 6m, with corresponding 20, 24, 30, 42, and 50 elements respectively. Further analysed was the 2m pipe span length with the following respective bore diameters: 0.0389m, 0.0570m, 0.0697m, 0.0856m, 0.111m. All pipes maintained a uniform thickness of 0.00165m. The fluid is water, an incompressible, non-volatile fluid, flowing at room temperature. The results are shown by graphical plots. For the 2m, 3m, 4m, 5m, and 6m pipes span lengths, the values of critical velocity obtained were 17.80 m/s , 10.00 m/s, 7.80 m/s, 6.20 m/s, and 5.90 m/s respectively, while 2m length pipes of bore diameters, 0.0389m, 0.0570m, 0.0697m, 0.0856m, and 0.111m each, produced the following respective values of critical velocity, 17.80 m/s, 20.50 m/s, 22.50 m/s, 24.70 m/s, and 27.89 m/s. Generally, the finite element method showed that critical velocity reduces with increasing pipe span length and increases with increasing pipe bore diameter.

Keywords: Finite Element Method, Pinned-Pinned Pipe, Critical Velocity, Pipe Span Length, Pipe Bore Diameter

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